The Free Press, Mankato, MN

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Health & Fitness

September 8, 2013

Men's Health: Prostate cancer risks & treatment

September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, an ideal time to learn more about one of the most common cancers in men. According to the American Cancer Society®, more than 238,000 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed – and nearly 30,000 deaths – will occur in 2013. Understanding the disease, as well as its risks and treatments, is key to living a high quality, healthy life.

1. What is prostate cancer? Prostate cancer occurs in a man’s prostate, a small gland responsible for producing seminal fluid that nurtures and transfers sperm. Typically, prostate cancer grows slowly and is confined to the prostate in early stages, but there are certain forms that are aggressive and spread rapidly. Early detection is important for effective treatment, although active surveillance (watchful waiting) is an option for men whose cancer is small, slow-growing, limited to one area of the prostate and symptom-less.

2. Symptoms. While early stages of prostate cancer often don’t cause many symptoms, more advanced stages usually do. Typical symptoms can include:• Trouble with urination• A weak stream of urine• Blood in urine or semen• Pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back• Erectile dysfunction

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to speak with your health care provider team.

3. Who is most at risk for prostate cancer? Prostate cancer only affects men and risk increases with age. From 2005 to 2009, the average age at diagnosis for prostate cancer was 67, and 35 percent of all diagnosed patients were men between the ages of 65 and 74, per the American Cancer Society.

Other risk factors are:• Race. African American men experience higher rates of prostate cancer – especially aggressive forms.• Family history. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop the disease.• Obesity. Prostate cancer tends to reach an advanced stage before diagnosis in obese men.

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