The Free Press, Mankato, MN

July 1, 2012

Thoma: Taking a swing at a subtle change

By Edward Thoma
Free Press Staff Writer

— In life in general, in baseball in particular, there can be a period of creeping change that goes unnoticed — and then we wake to a new normal.

One such occurrence appears to have happened now in baseball — strikeouts.

The average American League pitcher in 2012 is averaging 7.3 strikeouts per nine innings. That rate, if maintained the rest of the season — and it’s been holding steady for at least a month now — would be 0.4 K/9 higher than the previous high.

Which came last year.

The strikeout rate has been sneaking higher by small increments for years, occasionally receding slightly only to resume its growth. But the pace has accelerated. In 2005 — one of those years when the strikeout rate shrunk a bit — AL hurlers averaged 6.2 K/9; seven seasons later, we’re more than a strikeout a game higher than that.

Strikeout rates are consistently higher in the DH-less National League; the senior circuit first hit 7 K/9 in 2001, and has been over that pace annually since 2008. This year, 7.6 K/9 — which, yes, is the highest on record.

Meanwhile, the walk rates in the two major leagues remain monotonously consistent — in the vicinity of 3.3 walks per nine innings. With few exceptions, walk rates have been between 3.1 and 3/5 since the mound was lowered for the 1969 season.

Strikeouts up. Walks steady. What in the name of Jim Thome is going on here?

I think it’s sabermetrics. Specifically, it’s rooted in the knowledge that strikeouts are not a zero-sum game.

The work of Bill James and others have determined that

These two facts have naturally led the statistically informed general managers to emphasize strikeouts for pitchers and ignore them for hitters.

And when enough teams do that, the strikeout rate is bound to rise.

This should be no surprise: The Twins pitching staff has the lowest strikeout rate in the AL, 5.8 K/9 — almost 1.5 lower than average. The next lowest team is at 6.4.

(How bad is it? Francisco Liriano, entering his start Sunday, led the team in total strikeouts, with 70 — no surprise there — but the guy in second place was Glen Perkins, who was 12th in innings pitched.)

The surprise for me is how much the norm has changed. I’ve been going along for literally decades figuring that the typical strikeout rate was still in the range it was in the 1980s and early 90s, in the period when the sabermetricians were tying pitcher strikeout rate to career value.

At that time, five strikeouts per nine innings was respectable. A pitcher could have, and maintain, success that way.

But the standards have changed. The new normal requires more strikeouts from pitchers.

Edward Thoma is a Free Press staff writer. He is at 344-6377 or at He also has a baseball blog.