Seventeen states and the District of Columbia have legalized gay marriage, up from just two in 2008. A ballot initiative is in the works to add Oregon to the list, and there are more than 40 cases pending in state and federal courts challenging bans around the nation.
One or more of those cases might reach the U.S. Supreme Court fairly quickly and decide the question once and for all, said Fred Sainz, a spokesman for the Human Rights Campaign, a gay rights group.
He said the movement had made big progress on a state-by-state basis and would continue those local fights but that the paramount issue was a ruling on whether it was constitutional to deny the right of marriage.
“It is ultimately the Supreme Court that is going to bring marriage equality to all 50 states,” Sainz said.
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