The Free Press, Mankato, MN

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State, national news

August 29, 2013

Vulcan mind meld? Scientists connect two brains via the Internet

SEATTLE — In an experiment that sounds like science fiction, a University of Washington researcher was able to transmit signals from his brain across campus and cause a colleague’s fingers to move.

The scientists believe it’s the first time two human brains have been directly connected via the Internet.

“It wasn’t spooky or weird at all,” said cognitive neuroscientist Andrea Stocco, whose hand twitched in response to brain signals from Rajesh Rao, professor of computer science and engineering. “It’s just like when you have a nervous tic.”

Several neuroscientists dismissed the experiment as little more than a publicity stunt, but Rao said one of the goals was to demonstrate it’s possible to meld minds in a very rudimentary way using what are now standard tools.

“We want to bring this conversation to the front, to discuss the ethical and moral issues that this kind of experiment raises,” Rao said.

Conducted earlier this month, the experiments grew out of Rao’s research on brain-computer interfaces that can allow paralyzed people and others to control devices with their thoughts.

In February, researchers at Duke University reported on their work connecting the brains of two rats, one in North Carolina and one in Brazil. When the first rat pressed a lever, signals from its brain were transmitted to the second rat, which mimicked the action.

And this month Harvard scientists reported transmitting brain signals from a human to a rat, causing the animal’s tail to move.

In both cases, electrodes were inserted directly into the rats’ brains.

The UW experiments didn’t involve any invasive probes — just silly-looking caps.

In his lab, Rao coated his head with conductive gel and pulled on an electrode-studded cap that looked like something the swimming movie star Esther Williams might have worn. Connected to a standard electroencephalography machine, the cap captured electrical signals generated in Rao’s brain.

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