The nine-member commission was established through the Tribal Law and Order Act, which expanded the sentencing authority of tribal courts that meet certain criteria; allowed for the appointment of special U.S. attorneys to prosecute violent crimes on reservation land; and revamped training for reservation police officers.
The report touches on that law but also looks at grant funding for tribes, victim protection, policing Indian Country, tribal court systems and educational services for tribal youth incarcerated in federal facilities.
Melinda Warner, a spokeswoman for the National Congress of American Indians, said what she found interesting was that the federal government has provided almost no funding for education for those juveniles or resources for rehabilitation. She said the benefit of the report is knowledge about the shortfalls in Indian Country.
"Without knowing exactly what's going on, we can't adequately fix it," she said.