ST PETER — As lawmakers and Gov. Mark Dayton decide over the next month how much money Minnesota should spend in the next two years, there’s an ongoing argument about how much the state has spent in the last 10.
Conservatives and anti-tax groups point to the raw numbers: $26.6 billion for the two-year general fund budget in 2002-03, $35.4 billion for the current budget, $36.7 billion in the upcoming two years if Dayton’s proposed budget is adopted, and $38.5 billion if Dayton’s policies are continued for 2016-17.
Bottom line, the right-leaning groups say: a nearly $12 billion jump, a 45 percent rise in just 14 years.
Minnesota 2020, a progressive think tank that defends Minnesota’s tradition of higher taxes and higher spending, has released a new report suggesting those raw figures are seriously misleading.
Adjust for inflation and the ups and downs in state general fund spending caused by accounting shifts and federal stimulus funding in previous budget cycles and the numbers show a different picture: $40.6 billion in spending in 2002-03, $35.4 billion in the current budget, $35.7 billion in the upcoming budget if Dayton gets his way, and $37 billion in inflation-adjusted dollars for 2016-17.
Even if the governor, who wants to raise income taxes on the wealthiest 2 percent of Minnesotans to support higher spending, is able to enact his entire budget, less than a third of the real-dollar cuts of the past decade would be restored, said Jeff Van Wychen, director of tax policy for Minnesota 2020.
“These cuts are eroding Minnesota’s fiscal foundation and they need to be reversed,” said Van Wychen during a press conference in St. Peter, one of three held by the organization in southern Minnesota Tuesday.
Factor in Minnesota’s population growth — about 400,000 since 2002 — and it’s even more difficult to argue that Minnesota’s state spending is rising, he said.
Per capita state general fund spending in 2002-03 was $4,008 in inflation-adjusted dollars compared to $3,276 today, according to the report, which is available in its entirety at www.MN2020.org. Under Dayton’s proposal, general fund spending would actually drop by $26 on a per capita basis (with another 93,000 Minnesotans projected to join the state’s population) in the upcoming two-year budget before rising to $3,313 in 2016-17.
Ray Knutson, a clinical psychologist at the Minnesota Security Hospital in St. Peter, was at the event to provide a non-numerical perspective on the debate. Knutson has seen more than 80 psychologists come and go at the facility, which provides a secure setting for some of the state’s most mentally disturbed patients who are deemed a danger to themselves or others.
In many cases, remaining psychologists and therapists now have many more patients — not because positions have been eliminated but because the state isn’t attracting enough qualified applicants for vacant positions, Knutson said.
“The state doesn’t pay on par with the private sector for psychologists,” he said.
That means patients are sometimes seeing reductions in the number of group counseling sessions, seeing psychologists rushing from one task to the next and seeing new faces and changing treatment strategies as psychologists come and go.
“Some of them don’t deal with change very well at all,” Knutson said.
There have been times when psychologists, now gone, ignored some of their duties, failed to completely document patient treatment and sometimes didn’t provide a strict schedule of therapy, he said. Remaining psychologists often work overtime, unpaid, trying to keep up.
Essentially, the facility has gone from one where staff was sometimes overwhelmed but usually had time later to catch up to a facility where staff is “almost constantly swamped,” he said.
Knutson said the patients deserve better.
“These are some of the most vulnerable and lost people in the state of Minnesota,” he said. “They deserve the best care we can give them and to be treated with dignity.”